Developments in Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology

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Content validity was developed by the raters' agreement analysis, including the same procedures described in phase 2. Results will be presented in terms of criteria and modifications, which have been implemented in the Neupsilin development phases. In phase 1, the construction of a preliminary version of the instrument, the psycholinguistic criteria that made up the final stimuli selection were familiarity, frequency, accessibility, conventionality, literality, regularity, lexical and syntactic extension, plausibility, clarity, prototypicality and level of abstraction.

As an illustration, in the episodic-semantic memory task, nine words were chosen by controlling familiarity words considered as being familiar by specialist judges in judgment scales , lexical extension all disyllables and semantic category a priori, three sets of three words belonging to the same semantic field which included parts of the body [arm, finger and eye], kitchen utensils [plate, knife and fork], and animals [lion, snake and fish].

The manipulation of semantic categorization was aimed at evaluating the occurrence of intrusions for a qualitative analysis of mnemonic processing. This protocol was rigorously constructed based on models of written words processing and it is composed by words and non-words with varying degrees of extension, regularity, grammatical function, frequency and concreteness.

Some non-words were selected from Salles and Parente Results from steps 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 described in the procedures will be presented below. Table 2 illustrates the agreement indices among judges regarding the pertinence of each subtest. Only two tasks were judged with an agreement index inferior to 0. The face perception task recognition of famous faces was modified non-familiar faces and subdivided into two other categories: face perception judgment of equality or mismatch between two faces - one in a front view and the other in profile and face recognition.


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This change was implemented due to the criticism made by some of the judges about the great demand upon semantic and visual memory in the first version. Regarding the pertinence analysis of each item in relation to the assessed construct, only one item of the subtest time and spatial orientation had an agreement index inferior to. After the analyses of quantitative and qualitative findings, some modifications were implemented, which are displayed on Table 3.

The nine judges second group were asked to give suggestions regarding the items considered to be pertinent to the examined cognitive process or subcomponents. These suggestions were grouped in a blind judgment task by two judges from the first group , whose disagreements were submitted to a consensus achieved by a third specialist judge also from the first group of judges. In relation to content validity, the final version of the instrument instruction and stimuli was again submitted to the nine specialist judges, resulting in agreement indices superior to.

The construction of the Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery Neupsilin was founded on a high level of theoretical and methodological rigor in what concerns both psychometric and neuropsycholinguistic underlying postulations. The careful development of this neuropsychological assessment tool was an initial step towards reducing the number of national standardized resources for the evaluation of cognitive processes.

After the accomplishment of theoretical and experimental procedures, evidence of reliability and of criterion and construct validity was searched for. Moreover, all the analytic procedures which guarantee the instrument's normalization for education and age were adopted. The studies developed were the following: 1 normalization from 13 to 90 years old ; 2 reliability evidence test-retest and internal consistency , 3 validity evidence correlation with other instruments, comparison of criterion-groups of schooling and right brain damage.

Among Neupsilin's advantages, the most notable is its brief administration, assessing all neuropsychological functions in one single session, in addition to the bases on which the items were constructed neuropsychology, psychometrics, psycholinguistics, cognitive experimental psychology.

Additionally, the instrument allows for advancing from a screening assessment to a measurement, which provides a both quantitative and qualitative profile of preserved abilities and impaired functions. Another advantage is the inclusion of tasks of inference processing evaluation, generally neglected even in language assessment batteries, which privilege structural aspects in detriment of functional ones.

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The task of preserved prospective memory assessment can also be considered a distinguishing aspect of the instrument, since it is usually not included even in memory assessment batteries. In addition to Neupsilin's advantages, it is important to mention the limitations of the brief battery developed; for instance, the reduced number of items per task result in less representativeness of the several components of attention sustained attention only , arithmetic abilities simple operations , executive functions only simple verbal problem solving and verbal fluency with phonemic-orthographic restriction.

While developing any assessment instrument some decisions need to be taken, considering the aims of the test and its cost-benefit relationship. Still, implicit mnemonic components and linguistic processing at the discourse level were not covered. Neupsilin should not be adopted as the only instrument in a neuropsychological assessment process. Moreover, in the context of test use, whenever any deficit is identified in a determined function, the investigation moves further and more deeply by means of the administration of other specific neuropsychological tools.

Regarding qualitative data, the Neupsilin provides evidence on the use of cognitive strategies analysis of error types and time of execution , allowing some rehabilitation techniques planning and, as an advantage, it may permit the differentiation between impairments caused by lesions in left and right brain hemispheres, mainly of those related to communicative, mnemonic and perceptive processing, since it encompasses the assessment of both structural and functional linguistic processing, as well as hemineglect research.

Besides, it also aims to provide a neuropsychological profile of the neurologically healthy population, in several phases of human development, from adolescence to old age. Regarding future studies, some suggestions can be mentioned. It is still necessary to verify performance regarding age, education, gender and type of school variables. Studies of rehabilitation efficiency evidence are also crucial. These investigations will probably contribute to the developing of evidence-based neuropsychology. Almeida, O.

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Bertolucci, P. Arquivos de Neuropsiquiatria, 52 1 , Brookshire, R. Intruduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders.

Missouri: Mosby. Camozzato, A. Schizophrenia in males of cognitive performance: discriminative and diagnostic values. Capitani, E. Normative data and neuropsychological assessment. Common problems in clinical practice and research. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 7 4 , Chaves, M. Differential diagnosis between dementia and depression: a study of efficiency increment. Acta Neurologica Scandinavia, 11 , Daneman, M. Individual differences in working memory and reading. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19 , Dubois, B.

A frontal assessment battery at bedside. Neurology, 55 , Rome, Italy. Neuropsychology is an ideal opportunity to take stock of the state of psychology in the 21st century and the direction of future developments.

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This Conference will be an excellent opportunity to share academic and clinical developments and research and to build on social interactions and support each other. The goal of our conference is folks from Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology fields to share their ideas and learn from their best.

The organizing committee is organizing an exciting and informative conference program including informative lectures, symposium, workshops, poster presentations and various programs for participants from all over the world. Thus, attend the conference and create a platform to share information, recent technologies and scope in the field of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. Cart items. Toggle navigation. Parker; John R. Springer, Disclaimer:A copy that has been read, but remains in clean condition.

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